If your well suddenly stops pumping water, don't panic. You might not need a new pump, a new well or a repairman, especially if your pump is relatively new. Many common well pump problems are easy to diagnose and fix on the spot. If you know your way around a breaker box and know how to locate a few of the key components of your pump, you can inspect your well pump for any one of these common problems before you call for help. Following are three things you should check.
If it doesn't seem like your pump is getting any power, check your breaker box. Power surges, increased power usage, lightning and blackouts can cause your circuit breaker to trip, cutting off the power to your unit. So, before you do anything else, inspect your breaker box. Find the breaker switch associated with your pump and flip it. Keep in mind that a tripped breaker might still remain in the "on" position. If the breaker is in the "on" position, turn it off and turn it back on again to make sure it hasn't tripped.
Well pumps are equipped with several safety features, including the pressure switch. Responsible for shutting the system down if there is too much demand or a water leak, the pressure switch keeps your well pump from pumping your well dry if there is a problem. However, it is possible for the pressure switch to respond to a false alarm. If this is the case, you can simply flip the switch and turn your pump back on. The pressure switch is located in a box on top of the line running from the well pump to the pressure tank.
Your well pump's pressure tank has to sustain enough air pressure to operate your pump. If it cannot maintain pressure due to a component failure, your pressure tank will stop working. To see if your tank is working properly, check the pressure with a tire gauge. There is an air-fill valve on top of the tank, which is where you will want to check the pressure. If you have little pressure, call for a repairman.
There are several reasons why well pumps stop working. If you can inspect your system and troubleshoot for a few of the more common reasons, you might be able to avoid a service call. However, you should always call for help if you're not sure how to check your system or if you don't know exactly what's wrong with it. Contact a company like Valley Drilling Corporation of VA for more information.